Yaksha Prashna

Reproduced from http://stotraratna.sathyasaibababrotherhood.org/pm4.htm

Yaksha Prasna
(Questions of Yaksha)
Translated by

(During the time when the Pandavas were living in the forest, a deer took away the stick used to make fire from the sage’s home in the forest in its antlers. The saint tried to recover it but could not. He then requested the Pandavas (sons of Pandu) to trace the deer by its hoof marks and recover it. The Pandavas followed the hoof marks of the deer throughout the day and reached deep in the forest. Dharma Puthra the eldest of the Pandavas became very tired and wanted to drink some water before carrying on the chase any further. Sahadeva the youngest brother volunteered to bring the water. He spotted a lake near by. The lake was bare of any living beings except a crane. When Sahadeva tried to drink water from the lake, the crane spoke to him, “Oh Sahadeva, the water of this lake is poisonous, if you drink it without answering my questions.” Sahadeva did not bother and drank the water from the lake and died. After some time Nakula came in search. And was surprised at seeing the dead Sahadeva. He too decided to drink water and was warned by the crane and he too died on drinking the water. The same thing happened to Arjuna and Bheema. Seeing that all his four brothers are missing, Dharma Puthra came in search. Since he was very thirsty, he too tried to drink the water from the lake. But when the crane warned him, he decided to answer the questions of the crane. Before asking questions, the crane revealed himself as a Yaksha. All the questions asked by the Yaksha were answered by Dharma Puthra to the Yaksha’s satisfaction. Then the Yaksha gave a boon to Dharma Puthra to bring back alive one of his dead brothers. Dharma wanted, Nakula to be made alive. The surprised Yaksha asked him, “Oh king, why did you choose Nakula, when you could have chosen Bheema and Arjuna?” Dharma Puthra replied, “I am alive and so my mother Kunthi has one son. I wanted my other mother Madhri also to have a son alive,”
The Yaksha was very much pleased and gave life back to all the Pandavas. Given below are the pointed questions asked by the Yaksha and the pithy and very direct replies given by Dharma Puthra. These are a store house of knowledge and termed as “Yaksha Prasna (Questions of Yaksha)”. I have not been able to get the Sanskrit originals for doing the translation but depended on a Tamil book called “Yaksha Prasna compiled by Sri.P.N.Parsuraman and published by General Publications, Madras (2001).
This is the first time the translation of the entire Yaksha Prasna “is being uploaded in the web.)

1. Who makes the Sun rise?

The Brahmam (the formless, all pervading God) makes the sun rise.

2. Who travel on both sides of the Sun?

Devas travel on both sides of the Sun.

(Sun travels in the sky, frequented by celestial beings called Devas.)

3. Who makes the Sun to set?

Dharma makes the Sun to set.

4.Where does the Sun establish himself?

Sun establishes himself in truth.

5.How does a man become expert in reciting Vedas?

He becomes an expert in reciting by learning it.

6. How does a man become great?

Man becomes great by Tapas (austerities).

7. How does a man become secure?

Man becomes secure by courage.

8.How does a man becomes wise?

He becomes wise by living with learned wise men.

9.What is godliness to Brahmanas?

Learning of Vedas is Godliness to the Brahmanas (people with knowledge as vocation)

10. What is the duty of Brahmanas?

Tapas( Austerity) is the duty of Brahmanas.

11. What is the human side of Brahmanas?

Pride and selfishness is the human side of Brahmanas.

12. What is sinful action for the Brahmanas?

Finding fault with others is the sinful action to Brahmanas.

13. What is godliness to Kshathriyas?

Weapons are the Godliness to Kshatriyas (Fighters and defenders)

14. What is he Dharma for Kshatriyas?

Carrying out Yagna (fire sacrifices) is the Dharma of Kshatriyas.

15. What is the human side of Kshatriyas?

Fear is the human side of Kshatriyas.

16. What is sinful action to Kshatriyas?

Not giving protection to those who seek it from them is sin for Kshatriyas.

17. Which is the Sama Veda for fire sacrifices?

Soul is the Sama Veda of fire sacrifices.

18. Which is the most important Rik Vedic chant for fire sacrifice?

Mind is the most important Rik for fire sacrifice.

19. How do you propose to make a fire sacrifice?

Rik Veda is the one which proposes the fire sacrifice.

20. What does Fire sacrifice obey always?

It always obeys the tenets of Rik Veda.

21. What is the best for farmers?

Rain is the best for farmers.

22 What is the best for those who sow seeds?

Quality seed is the best for them.

23. What wealth is the best for those who want to live stable lives?

Growing cows is the best that gives stable wealth.

24. What is the best for those who give birth?

Son is the best for those who give birth.

25. Which strong, rich and clever man is considered as not breathing, even if he breaths?

The one who does not look after Gods, guests, servants, ancestors and his own self is considered as not breathing , even if he breaths.

26. Which is heavier than earth?

Mother is heavier than earth.

27. Which is taller than the sky?

Father is taller than the sky.

28. Which is faster than wind?

Mind is faster than wind.

29. Which is more in number than grasses?

Worries outnumber grasses.

30. Which does not close its eyes even while sleeping?

Fish does not close its eyes while sleeping.

31. What does not move even after birth?

Eggs do not move even after birth.

32. What does not have a heart?

A stone does not have a heart.

33. What grows further with speed?

The river grows further with speed.

34. Who is the friend, for one goes abroad?

Education is the only friend of people who grow abroad.

35. Who keeps company to the one who stays with in his house?

Only his wife keeps company to such a person.

36. Who is the friend for the sick person?

Doctor is the friend of the sick person.

37. Who is the friend of the one who is going to die?

Charity is the only friend to such a person.

38. Who is the welcome guest to all?

Fire is the welcome guest to all.

39. What is the good deed which is stable?

That deed which leads to salvation is the stable good deed.

40. What is nectar?

Milk of the cow called “Somam”, is the nectar.

41. How is the entire world?

The entire world is filled with air.

42. Who travels alone?

Sun travels alone.

43. Who takes birth again and again?

The moon takes birth again and again.

44. What is the antidote for mist?

Fire is the antidote for mist.

45. Which is the vessel that can contain everything?

Earth is the vessel which can contain everything.

46. Where does “Dharma ( just action” normally reside?

“Just action” resides mainly in cleverness.

47. Where does “fame” normally reside?

“Fame” resides mainly in charity.

48. Where does “heaven” normally reside?

“Heaven” normally resides in truth.

49. Where does “pleasure” normally reside?

“Pleasure” normally resides in good conduct.

50. What is the soul for man?

Son (athmaja-born out of soul) is the soul for man.

51. Who is the companion made by God?

Wife is the companion made by God.

52. What aids man in “making a living”?

Rain helps man in making a living.

53. What is the place where man ultimately reaches?

“Charity” is the place where man ultimately reaches.

54. Which is the best giver of wealth?

“Tireless effort” is the best giver of wealth.

55. What is the best among things?

The knowledge that we get from learned is the best thing.

56. What is the best among “blessings”?

“Life without sickness” is the best among blessings.

57. What is the best among” pleasures”?

“Contentment” is the best among pleasures

58. Which is the best among “ Dharma (just actions) ”?

Non violence is the best among “just actions”.

59. Which action always gives good results?

The fire sacrifice done by three fires (Vedas) always gives results.

60. By controlling which man will never be sad?

By controlling the mind man will never become sad.

61. Friendship with whom lasts for ever?

Friendship with godly persons will last for ever.

62. By leaving which will man never become sad?

By leaving anger man will never become sad.

63. By leaving which will man become rich?

By leaving out desires, man becomes rich.

64. By leaving which, man will be able to lead a happy life?

By leaving out miserliness, man would be able to lead a happy life.

65. Why should we give to Brahmins?

It is to do “just action”.

66. Why should we give to dancers and actors?

It is for attaining fame.

67. Why should we give it to servants?

It is for making them obey you.

68. Why should we give to the king?

It is to avoid fear.

69. By which is the world covered?

World is covered by ignorance.

70. What is the world?

The soul is the world.

71. Why does not the world shine?

World does not shine because of bad behaviour.

72. Why do friends go away?

When they get nothing from you, they go away.

73. Why does not man reach heaven?

Man does not reach heaven due to attachment.

74 .When does man live like the ‘dead”?

When he is poor he lives like the “dead”.

75. When does a country does not have life?

When it does not have good rulers, it does not have life.

76. Which ritual to please manes does not have any result?

When it is done without Vedic pundits, it does not give results.

77. When does a fire sacrifice not yield results?

When adequate compensation is not given, it does not have results.

78. What is the way?

The way of Godly men is the only way.

79 What is water?

Sky is water

80. What is food?

Food is beings

81. What is poison?

Begging from others is poison.

82. What is the proper time to carry death anniversary?

When you see a learned Brahmin, it is the proper time.

(At this stage Dharma Puthra asks the Yaksha, “What do you think?”. Instead of answering Yaksha continues with his questions.)

83. What is the grammar for austerity?

Standing in one’s own Dharma (prescribed just action) is austerity.

84. What is “Dhama”?

“Dhama” is controlling the mind.

85. What is the “best patience”?

Bearing pleasures, sorrow, becoming great, being downgraded with equanimity is the “best patience”.

86. What is Jnana?

Jnana (wisdom?) is knowing the real truth.

87. What is “Sama”?

Being peaceful within mind is “Sama”.

88. What is the “best mercy”?

Wishing for pleasures for all is the “best mercy”.

89. What is righteousness?

Having the same attitude towards everybody is righteousness.

90. Who is the enemy who cannot be defeated by man?

Anger is the enemy that cannot be defeated by man.

91. Which is the disease that has no end?

Avarice is the disease that has no end.

92. Who is considered as a holy man?

He who loves all and does good for all, is considered as a holy man.

93. Who is considered as “not holy”?

He who does not have mercy is considered as “not holy.”

94. Which is considered as insensibility?

Not understanding Dharma (just action?) is considered as insensibility.

95. What is honour?

The pride in oneself is called honour.

96. What is laziness?

Not doing Dharma (just action?) is laziness.

97. What is sorrow?

Ignorance is sorrow.

98. What is considered as stability by holy men and sages?

Steadfastly following one’s own Dharma is defined as “stability” by them.

99. What is courage?

Controlling the five senses is “courage”.

100. What is a good bath?

Cleaning the mind of the accumulated dirt is the good bath.

101. What is the best charity one can do?

Saving life of others is the greatest charity one can do.

102. Who is fit to be considered as a scholar?

He who knows Dharma (just action)) can be considered as a scholar.

103. Who can be considered as an atheist?

He who does not believe in other worlds is an atheist.

104. Who is considered as an arrogant fool?

An atheist can be considered as an arrogant fool.

105. What is passion?

That which leads to birth and death is called “passion”.

106. Which is considered as “unhealthy competition.”?

Unnecessary turmoil of the mind is “unhealthy competition.”

107. What is pride?

Ignorance is pride.

108. What is snobbishness?

Telling others that “I am the only follower of Dharma” is snobbishness.

109. What is considered as the special God called luck?

The result of charity done by oneself is considered as “the special God called luck.”

110. What is considered as the bad habit of carrying tales?

Enjoying telling news about others is this bad character.

111. When will the contradictory notions of wealth, passion and Dharma come together?

When your wife and dharma agree with each other, then these concepts come together.

112. Which man will reach the indestructible hell? Please reply me quickly.

Indestructible hell is continuously being born and dying in this world again and again. Some of the causes are:-

a. Tempting a poor Brahmin with charity of wealth and not giving it.

b. Telling lies in the practice of Vedic rituals.

c. Not enjoying our own wealth and not using to help others also.

113. Tell me after careful thought how Brahmanism is born .Is it through birth, character, learning Vedas or knowledge of sciences?

Birth, learning of Vedas and knowledge of science are not necessary aspects of Brahmanism. It is due to one’s own character. One with good character never becomes bad and one with bad character is always considered as bad. He who is interested in rituals and who also has full control over his senses is the real Brahmin.

114. What does one who tells sweet words get?

He becomes friends for everybody.

115. What does one who does planned actions get?

He attains success.

116. What does one who has many friends get?

He lives happily.

117. What does one who is attached to Dharma get?

He attains salvation

118. Who attains happiness?

He, who does not take loan, does not go to a foreign country for living and one who can cook and eat at least green leaves, is the one who attains happiness.

119. What is surprise?

. The fact that people thinking themselves as stable and permanent, in spite of seeing several deaths daily is surprising.

120. What is the path?

There is contradiction in teaching of Vedas as well as the teaching of several great sages. Apart from this the path of Dharma as explained by the learned is difficult to understand.

121. What is the event that happens daily?

The earth is a very big cooking vessel. Sky is the lid to this vessel. The cook called Time puts all movable and immovable things in to this vessel. He takes the firewood of night and day and lights them up with Sun. He stirs it with ladles called seasons and months and this happens daily.

122. Who is called “purusha (man)” among those who are living and with all his desires fulfilled?

Good deeds done with no interests in the fruits or with interests in its fruits, make one’s name spread in heaven and earth. Till his fame lasts, he is called “Purusha”

123. Who pervades in everything?

He who considers desire and hatred, pleasure and pain, what is coming and what is being lost etc with equanimity is called “Brahma Jnani (knower of Brahman)” and he is the one who pervades in everything.

சந்தனம் எங்கள் நாட்டின் புழுதி- Santhanam engal naatin puzhudhi lyrics

சந்தனம் எங்கள் நாட்டின் புழுதி
கிராம மனைத்தும் தவ பூமி
சிறுமிய ரெல்லாம் தேவியின் வடிவம்
சிறுவ ரனைவரும் ராமனே
சிறுவ ரனைவரும் ராமனே

கோயிலைப் போலே உடல்கள் புனிதம்
மாந்தரனைவரும் உபகாரி
சிங்கத்துடனே விளையாடிடுவோம்
ஆவினம் எங்கள் அன்புத்தாய்
காலையில் ஆலய மணிகள் முழங்கும்
கிளிகள் கண்ணன் பெயர் பாடும்

உழைப்பால் விதியை மாற்றிடும் மண்ணிது
உழைப்பின் நோக்கம் பொது நலமே
தியாகமும் தவமும் கவிகள் பாட்டின்
கருவாய் அமையும் நாடிது
கங்கை போலே தூய ஞானம்
ஜீவ நதியெனப் பாய்ந்திடும்

போர்க்களந் தன்னிலே எங்கள் வீரர்
புனித கீதையை ஓதுவர்
ஏர்முனையின் கீழ் தவழ்ந்து வருவாள்
எங்கள் அன்னை சீதையே
வாழ்வின் முடிவாய் விளங்குவதிங்கு
இறைவன் திருவடி நீழலே

santhanam engal naatin puzhudhi
graamam anaithum thava bhoomi
sirumiyar ellam deviyin vadivam
siruvar anaivarum raamane

kovilai pole udalgal punitham
maandar anaivarum upakaari
singathudane vilaiyadiduvom
aavinam engal anbu thai
kaalaiyil aalaya manigal muzhangum
kiligal kannan peyar paadum
sirumiyar ellam deviyin vadivam
siruvar anaivarum raamane

uzhaipaal vidiyai maatrum mannidhu
uzhaipin nokkam podunalame
tyagamum thavamum kavigal paatin
karuvaai amaiyum maanbithu
gangaiyai pole thooya gnanam
jeeva nadiyena paaindidum
sirumiyar ellam deviyin vadivam
siruvar anaivarum raamane

engal vaazkai eetram perave
endrum geethaiyai voduvom
ezhmaiyai neeka latchiya deepam
idhayangalile yetruvom
irudiyil engal vazhkaiyin vetkai
iraivan thiruvadi neelale
sirumiyar ellam deviyin vadivam
siruvar anaivarum raamane

Laws of Karma

What is Karma? Karma is the Sanskrit word for action. It is equivalent to Newton’s law of ‘every action must have a reaction’. When we think, speak or act we initiate a force that will react accordingly. This returning force maybe modified, changed or suspended, but most people will not be able eradicate it.

This law of cause and effect is not punishment, but is wholly for the sake of education or learning.

A person may not escape the consequences of his actions, but he will suffer only if he himself has made the conditions ripe for his suffering. Ignorance of the law is no excuse whether the laws are man-made or universal.

To stop being afraid and to start being empowered in the worlds of karma and reincarnation, here is what you need to know about karmic laws.


  • “As you sow, so shall you reap”. This is also known as the “Law of Cause and Effect”.
  • Whatever we put out in the Universe is what comes back to us.
  • If what we want is Happiness, Peace, Love, Friendship… Then we should BE Happy, Peaceful, Loving and a True Friend.


  • Life doesn’t just HAPPEN, it requires our participation.
  • We are one with the Universe, both inside and out. – Whatever surrounds us gives us clues to our inner state.
  • BE yourself, and surround yourself with what you want to have present in your Life.


  • What you refuse to accept, will continue for you.
  • If what we see is an enemy, or someone with a character trait that we find to be negative, then we ourselves are not focused on a higher level of existence.


  • “Wherever you go, there you are”.
  • For us to GROW in Spirit, it is we who must change – and not the people, places or things around us.
  • The only given we have in our lives is OURSELVES and that is the only factor we have control over.
  • When we change who and what we are within our heart our life follows suit and changes too. THE


  • Whenever there is something wrong in my life, there is something wrong in me.
  • We mirror what surrounds us – and what surrounds us mirrors us; this is a Universal Truth.
  • We must take responsibility what is in our life.


  • Even if something we do seems inconsequential, it is very important that it gets done as everything in the Universe is connected.
  • Each step leads to the next step, and so forth and so on.
  • Someone must do the initial work to get a job done.
  • Neither the first step nor the last are of greater significance,
  • As they were both needed to accomplish the task.
  • Past-Present-Future they are all connected…


  • You can not think of two things at the same time.
  • When our focus is on Spiritual Values, it is impossible for us to have lower thoughts such as greed or anger.


  • If you believe something to be true,then sometime in your life you will be called upon to demonstrate that particular truth.
  • Here is where we put what we CLAIM that we have learned, into actual PRACTICE.


  • Looking backward to examine what was, prevents us from being totally in the HERE AND NOW.
  • Old thoughts, old patterns of behavior, old dreams…
  • Prevent us from having new ones.


  • History repeats itself until we learn the lessons that we need to change our path.


  • All Rewards require initial toil.
  • Rewards of lasting value require patient and persistent toil.
  • True joy follows doing what we’re suppose to be doing, and waiting for the reward to come in on its own time.


  • You get back from something whatever YOU have put into it.
  • The true value of something is a direct result of the energy and intent that is put into it.
  • Every personal contribution is also a contribution to the Whole.
  • Lack luster contributions have no impact on the Whole, nor do they work to diminish it.
  • Loving contributions bring life to, and inspire, the Whole.